N Channel Depletion Mosfet

Difference between enhancement and depletion type mosfet

N Channel Depletion Mosfet

Depletion mode MOSFET is normally turned on at zero gate voltage. Such devices are used as load resistors.

MOSFETs with enhancement modes are the common switching elements in most MOSs. These devices are deactivated at zero gate voltage and can be switched on by powering the gate.

In field effect transistors (FET), exhaust mode and amplification mode are two major types of transistor, corresponding to whether the transistor is in the ON or OFF state at zero gate-source voltage.


N-channel (DMOS) power FET is built with two separate diffusions to create its structure. This is where the term “DMOS” - meaning “Double-diffused MOS” transistor originates. The medium- and high-power depletion-mode MOSFET has a higher level of breakdown voltage than either the JFET or many enhancement-mode devices. This is as low as 60. The DN2470 is a low threshold depletion-mode (normally-on) transistor utilizing an advanced vertical DMOS structure and well-proven silicon-gate manufacturing process.

Enhancement MOSFET

MOSFETs with enhancement modes can be switched on by powering the gate either higher than the source voltage for NMOS or lower than the source voltage for the PMOS.

In most circuits, this means that pulling a MOSFET gate voltage into the leakage boost mode becomes ON.

For N-type discharging devices, the threshold voltage could be about -3 V, so it could be stopped by dragging the 3 V negative gate (leakage by comparison is more positive than the NMOS source).

In PMOS, polarities are reversed.

The mode can be determined by the voltage threshold sign (gate voltage versus source voltage at the point where only a layer inversion is formed in the channel):

  • For a N-type FET, modulation devices have positive and depleted thresholds – modulated devices have negative thresholds;
  • For a P-type FET, positive mode to improve negative mode, depletion.

Depletion MOSFET

Junction-effect junction transistors (JFET) are the depletion mode because the gate junction would transmit the bias if the gate was taken more than a bit from the source to the drain voltage.

Such devices are used in gallium-arsenide and germanium chips, where it is difficult to make an oxide isolator.

Figure describes the construction of MOSFET type of exhaustion. Also note the MOSFET circuit type N exhaust channel symbol.

Due to its construction, it offers very high entry strength (approximately 1010 to 1015). Significant current flows for VDS data at 0 volts VGS.

Depletion mode transistor

When the gate (ie, a capacitor plate) is made positive, the channel (i.e., the other capacitor plate) will have a positive charge induced therein.

This will lead to the depletion of the major bearers (ie electrons) and therefore to the reduction in conductivity.

Difference between enhancement and depletion type mosfet in tabular form

N Channel Depletion Mosfet Code

Sr.No.Depletion MOSFET (D-MOSFET)Enhancement MOSFET (E-MOSFET)
1It is called a depletion MOSFET because of channel depletion.It only works in enhancement mode and is therefore called Enhancement MOSFET.
2It can be used as E-MOSFET.It can not be used as a D-MOSFET.
3If Vgs = 0 V, Ids flows due to Vds.If Vgs = 0V, Ids = 0, although Vds is applied.
4N-type semiconductors exist in the structure itself between source and drain.There is no n-channel between source and drain.
5Do not occurWhen Vgs = Vt, the MOSFET is turned on.

Now you know difference between enhancement and depletion mosfet.

Hello, I'm searching for a depletion (normally-ON) which can work under 9V/5V Vds (3.2V would also be nice but not required).The Vgs threshold should be around 1-3V for 9V, 1-1.5V for 5V.Unfortunately I only seem to find components that work with VDS ~25V or more… do you know if anything like what I need exists? It would be best in a packaging suitable for breadboard prototyping, but at the moment I'm open to any packaging.

In case you think this is not possible, do you think there can be another way to arrange this kind of normally-on switch?

N Channel Mosfet Operation

Thanks for your time! And forgive my noobness :)