Computer Programming

What is Computer Programming? COMPUTER PROGRAMMING is a step by step process of designing and developing various sets of computer programs to accomplish a specific computing outcome. The process comprises several tasks like analysis, coding, algorithm generation, checking accuracy and resource consumption of algorithms, etc. Computer programming is the process of writing instructions that get executed by computers. The instructions, also known as code, are written in a programming language which the computer can understand and use to perform a task or solve a problem. Basic computer programming involves the analysis of a problem and development of a logical. Computer programming is the process of designing and building an executable computer program to accomplish a specific computing result or to perform a specific task. Programming involves tasks such as: analysis, generating algorithms, profiling algorithms' accuracy and resource consumption,. Programming is a creative process that instructs a computer on how to do a task. Hollywood has helped instill an image of programmers as uber techies who can sit down at a computer and break any password in seconds.

Computer programming is the process of writing instructions that get executed by computers. The instructions, also known as code, are written in a programming language which the computer can understand and use to perform a task or solve a problem. Basic computer programming involves the analysis of a problem and development of a logical.

Computers can do amazing things, from basic laptops capable of simple word processing and spreadsheet functions to incredibly complex supercomputers completing millions of financial transactions a day and controlling the infrastructure that makes modern life possible. But no computer can do anything until a computer programmer tells it to behave in specific ways. That’s what computer programming is all about.

At its most basic, computer programming is little more than a set of instructions to facilitate specific actions. Based on the requirements or purposes of these instructions, computer programming can be as simple as adding two numbers. It can also be as complex as reading data from temperature sensors to adjust a thermostat, sorting data to complete intricate scheduling or critical reports or taking players through multi-layered worlds and challenges in games.

Cheryl Frederick, senior associate dean of STEM programs at Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU), said computer programming is a collaborative process, with a variety of programmers contributing during the development of a piece of software. Some of that development can last decades. For software like Microsoft Word released in 1983, for instance, programmers have tweaking and improving for years.

'The hope is that the computer program will become such a widely adopted system that it needs long-term support, particularly to extend its current functionality,' Frederick said. 'The terms computer software and computer programming are used interchangeably except software can get rather large.'

What Does a Computer Programmer Do?

Programming

Computer programmers create instructions for a computer to execute by writing and testing code that enables applications and software programs to operate successfully. Computer programmers use specialized languages to communicate with computers, applications and other systems to get computers and computer networks to perform a set of specific tasks. Languages like C++, Java, Python and more allow programmers – often working closely with software developers and engineers to build programs that allow “search, surfing and selfies,” according to ComputerScience.org.

There are many programming languages but some have emerged as the most popular. Industry blog The Crazy Programmer recently listed the top 10 programming languages being used in 2018 based on a survey of 100,000 programmers. They include:

  • JavaScript
  • SQL
  • Java
  • Python
  • C#
  • PHP
  • C++
  • C
  • TypeScript
  • Ruby

Some of the common tasks a computer programmer is required to master were compiled by O*Net online and include:

  • Testing software performance.
  • Resolving computer software problems.
  • Modifying software programs to improve performance.
  • Writing computer programming code.
  • Collaborating with others to resolve information technology issues.

How to Become a Computer Programmer

Many computer programmers begin as self-taught enthusiasts. Dr. Ed Lavieri, began as a self-taught gamer, and served 25 years in the Navy before becoming a full-time teacher. As technical program facilitator of game programming and development, he said, “Computer programming becomes fun when you have the core knowledge.”

Programming

“But, you can’t rest on information you’ve learned,” Lavieri said. “A degree is an indication of past knowledge. Skills, certifications, degrees, an e-portfolio – all of those will help you get your foot in the door – but if you want to be the one to create Windows 11, you have to get a broad range of experience and take advantage of opportunities as they come.”

Frederick agreed. She held jobs with the Department of Defense and in the financial and telecommunications sectors before turning to education. “It takes a lot of grit and it’s not enough to earn a degree; you need workplace experience,” she said. “We give students a foundation – based on data structures, algorithms, math and logical engineering – but you have to be able to plan, write, design, test and manage software. You have to know at least two or three programming languages, including proficiency in JAVA and C++.”

Beyond classroom and experiential learning, however, computer programmers must understand that when writing a program, it never works the first time. “This field requires patience, and the ability to troubleshoot and get at errors. You need to be a learning worker, be self-disciplined, have the motivation to learn on your own, be able to brainstorm with others, and have a lot of hands-on practice,” Frederick said. “You must be a practitioner and adapt to what’s trending.”

Languages

“Game programming – a multi-billion dollar industry which requires much more than graphics and sound –is among the hardest programming there is,” said Lavieri. “But every industry, without exception, needs programmers, from healthcare and real estate to banking, travel and every other sector.”

While working to complete a computer science degree, students are encouraged to create a portfolio of their software work. “Though this portfolio isn’t graded, students can share it with potential employers as proof of coding capabilities,” Frederick said. “The entire degree program gives students broad exposure and proficiencies in traditional and trending technologies, including such specialties as computation graphics, software testing and writing code for commonly used programs, as well as deeper, more specific skills.”

Computer Programming Certifications Beyond a Degree

Most computer programming positions require at least a bachelor's degree, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and many advanced degree programs are also available. In addition to those academic avenues, there are dozens of professional and nonprofit professional certifications available. BLS notes that certifications exist for specific programming languages and that some employers may require programmers to become certified in the products the company uses.

Some of the professional certifications available include:

  • CISCO – Certified Network Associate, Certified Network Profession Routing and Switching, Certified Network Associate Security Credential
  • Microsoft – Certified Solution Developer for Web Applications, Certified Solutions Associate Windows Server
  • Professional Associations – Software Development Associate Certification, Comptia’s Security+, Comptia’s A+ Certification, Comptia’s Linux+
  • Nonprofit – Certified Information Systems Security Professional, Certified Information Security Manager, Certified Secure Software Lifecycle Professional Credential

Learn Software Engineering

Curtis George, faculty lead of undergraduate IT at SNHU, was previously employed by NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and other high-tech leaders, and has been integral to the development of the university’s computer science curriculum.

“In my jobs, I trained a lot of junior software engineers, and I would stand behind them, show them parts of code and, by giving them hands-on experience, they would eventually get better,” said George. “Having a basic knowledge of software programming, including working with others (on) teams, is a good starting point for any job.”

In pursuing a computer science degree with a focus on software engineering, it’s important to learn in a collaborative environment, whether in-person or virtually, as these experiences will mirror what will be expected in the workplace. George noted that students learn computer programming and build software in online labs that provides independent work opportunities along with team collaboration.

Dale Stokdyk is a marketer passionate about STEM higher education. Follow him on Twitter @dalestokdyk or connect on LinkedIn.

Computer programming - раздел Иностранные языки, Английский язык. Основы компьютерной грамотности Programming Is The Process Of Preparing A Set Of Coded In­Structions Which En...

Programming is the process of preparing a set of coded in­structions which enables the computer to solve specific prob­lems or to perform specific functions. Theiessence of computer programmingjis the encoding of the program for the computer by means of algorythms. The thing is that any problem is ex­pressed in mathematical terms, it contains formulae, equations and calculations^ But the computer cannot manipulate formu­lae, equations and calculations. Any problem must be specially processed for the computer to understand it, that is — coded or programmed.

The phase in which the system's computer programs are written is called the development phase. The programs are lists of instructions that will be followed by the control unit of the central processing unit (CPU). The instructions of the program must be complete and in the appropriate sequence, or else the wrong answers will result. To guard against these errors in logic and to document the program's logical approach, logic plans should be developed.

There are two common techniques for planning the logic of a program. The first technique is flowcharting. A flowchart is a plan in the form of a graphic or pictorial representation that uses predefined symbols to illustrate the program logic. It is, there­fore, a 'picture' of the logical steps to be performed by the computer. Each of the predefined symbol shapes stands for a general operation. The symbol shape communicates the nature of the general operation, and the specifics are written within the symbol. A plastic or metal guide called a template is used to make drawing the symbols easier.

The second technique for planning program logic is called pseudocode. Pseudocode is an imitation of actual program in­structions. It allows a program-like structure without the bur­den of programming rules to follow. Pseudocode is less time-consuming for the professional programmer than is flowcharting. It also emphasizes a top-down approach to program structure.


Английский язык. Основы компьютерной грамотности 148

Pseudocode has three basic structures: sequence, decision, and looping logic. With these three structures, any required logic can be expressed.

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