Apple M1 Vmware

Apr 15, 2021 Version 16.5. Released Wednesday, is now offered in a native version for Apple’s own M1 silicon. Parallels says the new offering is for Windows 10 ARM Insider Preview and “the most popular ARM-based Linux distributions.”. VMWare's product line manager said the company will add support for Apple's M1 chip soon.

Mar 13, 2021 While VMware Fusion doesn’t support Apple Silicon yet (Parallels does), they are working on it. The first was the M1, and it first appeared in the MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, and Mac Mini. Dec 09, 2020 The 3.5.1 sensor will support macOS 11 Big Sur on both Intel and M1 Apple devices and will offer support for both KEXT and System Extensions. For M1 devices, the release will use Rosetta 2 as VMware continues to work on building native cross compilation support into a future release.

Apple M1 Vmware

Recently I purchased an M1 equipped 13” MacBook Pro. Overall the machine has been absolutely amazing however I have 1 big issue transitioning from my old Intel Hackintosh:

  • Missing macOS guest VMs

While its clear that both Parallels and VMWare will support Apple Silicon with macOS guests in the future, the question is when. Additionally, it’s also unclear if we’ll ever get x86 emulation from them or if its strictly ARM64 only. A bit of a shame especially as I do frequently boot old macOS VMs versions to check for bugs.

To get around this, I wanted to see if our good ol friend QEMU can help us out and do full x86 emulation.

For today’s experiment, we’ll try and see if we can get to the macOS recovery environment with a vanilla macOS BaseSystem. Of course we’ll be getting a bit of help from OpenCore to move this along.

Getting started

Before we beging, we’ll need a few things:

  • UTM
    • A very nice wrapper for QEMU in macOS, additionally also supports iOS
    • See here about installing on iOS: Install
  • OpenCore Image
    • Our bootloader to help launch macOS, there’s a few options to choose from:
      • EFI-MODERN: macOS 10.15 and newer supported
      • EFI-LEGACY: Mac OS X 10.6 through 10.14 supported
      • EFI-i386: Mac OS X 10.4 through 10.7 supported
  • OVMF Binary
    • Our UEFI image for QEMU
      • Note we want edk2.git-ovmf-x64 specifically
      • iOS Users can download the pre-extracted image here: OVMF.bin
  • macOS Image
    • See macrecovery in OpenCorePkg on how to download from Apple’s servers
      • This should provide you with a BaseSystem/RestoreImage.dmg for use to play with
    • For educational purposes, I’ve also provided a pre-installed OS image:
      • Catalina-SETUP.qcow2(Mirror)

To start, open up the UTM.dmg and add UTM.app to the Applications/ folder.

  • For iOS users, see here: UTM iOS Install

Next, download OVMF from the Qemu firmware repo and run the following:

From here, we can open UTM.app and get started:

We’ll first want to make a fresh VM, here I’ll list a few of the required settings to boot:

System

Run Virtual Machine On Apple M1

  • Architecture: x86_64
  • System: Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009)
  • Memory: 4096MB
  • Force Multicore: True
    • Note forcing multicore greatly increases the VM speed, however bugs may appear with this.

QEMU

  • -cpu
  • Penryn,+ssse3,+sse4.1,+sse4.2

Drives

  • OVMF.bin:
    • Image Type: BIOS
  • EFI.img:
    • Image Type: Disk Image
    • Interface: USB
  • BaseSystem.dmg:
    • Image Type: Disk Image
    • Interface: USB
  • Extra Disk(If you plan to install macOS):
    • Image Type: Disk Image
    • Interface: USB
    • Size: 30720(ie. 32GB)

Network

  • Enabled: True
  • Emulated Network Card: VMWare Paravirlulized Ethernet V3

Once these are all done, we can now boot our VM!

Booting the VM

1. OVMF Start2. OpenCore Picker3. macOS Kernel Starts

The boot process is slow however, and I mean very slow. But after 17min(Reduced to 8min with Force Multicore) we finally reach macOS’s recovery screen!

Update

The OS is unusable to say the least, and unfortunately won’t get much better even with tinkering. However the fact QEMU is able to emulate an Intel Penryn PC so well is quite remarkable, and OpenCore has made this much easier to build and boot.

Mac Mini M1 Vmware

Bonus pic, installed Catalina!

Bonus pic x2, High Sierra Geekbench scores!

Troubleshooting

Download

No mouse control

Apple M1 Vmware Linux

If your mouse doesn’t work, try pressing Control+Option+Arrows

Recovery Contact Error: 1

For Recovery Server contact errors, verify your time is correct in the VM by opening terminal:

Recovery Contact Error: 2

If you continue to have Recovery Connection issues, open terminal and run the following:

Apple M1 Vmware Update

Can’t start x86 VM in macOS 11.2 RC 20D53

This is a known issue, using QEMU’s TCG in the latest beta will crash QEMUHelper that UTM relies on. Current solution is to downgrade to 11.2 beta 2 (20D5042d) or older.

We’ve reported a feedback to Apple regarding this:

Silicon
  • Feedback ID: FB8978379

UPDATE: @osy discovered that in the 11.2 RC 20D53, Apple now blocks mprotect on MAP_JIT regions. QEMU uses mprotect to guard pages at the end of the JIT region. This means that QEMU will most likely need to be updated to either remove the ASSERT or guard the page after MAP_JIT instead. UTM has already been updated for this: qemu: fix crash on macOS 11.2